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Ginger (Zingiber Officinale) Rhizome Herbal Monograph

Ginger Root

Ginger is one of my all time favorite herbs just like the others we use in the Ultimate Herbal Health Program.

Ginger can be found in these Ultimate Herbal Health products:

I use mainly it for its digestive benefits but also because it helps with heart health, circulation and blood pressure.   

Find out the history and evidence for this below.


Description

A popular hot, fragrant kitchen spice used widely in cooking. The popularity both as a food, a spice, a flavour and as herbal medicine speaks for itself. Every freezer should contain whole ginger root and every pantry some ground ginger. 

Mature ginger rhizomes are fibrous and nearly dry. The juice from the roots is often used as a spice in Indian recipes and is a common ingredient of Chinese, Korean,Japanese, Vietnamese, and many South Asian cuisines for flavoring dishes such as seafood, meat, and vegetarian dishes (1) 


Traditional Uses

In India ginger is a central ingredient in sauces in many vegetarian and meat-based dishes, especially curries, plus it has a role in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. Ginger is also consumed in candied and pickled form. Tea can be made using ginger. (1)

In Japan, ginger is pickled to make beni shoga and gari or grated and used raw on tofu or noodles. It is made into a candy called shoga no sato zuke. (1)

In the traditional Korean kimchi, ginger is either finely minced or just juiced to avoid the fibrous texture and added to the ingredients of the spicy paste just before the fermenting process. (1)

Ginger has a long history of medicinal use dating back 2,500 years in China and India for conditions such as headaches, nausea, rheumatism, and colds. (2)

Characterized in traditional Chinese medicine as spicy and hot, ginger is claimed to warm the body and treat cold extremities, improve a weak and tardy pulse, address a pale complexion, and strengthen the body after blood loss. (2)

 

Ginger Tea


The rhizomes have been used since antiquity in the various traditional systems of medicine to treat arthritis, rheumatism, sprains, muscular aches, pains, sore throats, cramps, hypertension, dementia, fever, infectious diseases, catarrh, nervous diseases, gingivitis, toothache, asthma, stroke and diabetes. (15)

Ginger is also used as home remedy and is of immense value in treating various gastric ailments like constipation, dyspepsia, belching, bloating, gastritis, epigastric discomfort, gastric ulcerations, indigestion, nausea and vomiting and scientific studies have validated the traditional uses. (15)

Ginger is also shown to be effective in preventing gastric ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs like indomethacin, aspirin], reserpine, ethanol, stress (hypothermic and swimming), acetic acid and Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric ulcerations in laboratory animals. (15)
 

Active Constituents

Ginger contains a number of pungent constituents and active ingredients. Steam distillation of powdered ginger produces ginger oil, which contains a high proportion of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, predominantly zingiberene.3

The major pungent compounds in ginger have yielded potentially active gingerols, which can be converted to shogaols, zingerone, and paradol. The compound 6-gingerol appears to be responsible for its characteristic taste. Zingerone and shogaols are found in small amounts in fresh ginger and in larger amounts in dried or extracted products. (2)


Therapeutic actions & Clinical Studies

Anti-Nausea

The mechanism underlying ginger’s anti-emetic activity is not clearly understood, but the aromatic, spasmolytic, carminative, and absorbent properties of ginger suggest it has direct effects on the gastrointestinal tract. (3) 

Five double-blind studies have been performed that demonstrate a positive effect of ginger on motion sickness. (4-8) 


Cardio-protective

The ethanol extract of ginger has exhibited cardio-protective potential after heart attack. (9)

Oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is thought to play a key role in atherosclerotic plaque formation. Currently, there is a renewed interest in ginger because of its antioxidants and cardio-protective properties. Overall, ginger extracts, including the water extract possess the antioxidant activities to inhibit human LDL oxidation in vitro. (10)

The results of one present study, for the first time, provide clear evidence that ginger extract enhances the antioxidant defense against heart damage (11)


Anti-coagulant

Four clinical studies reported that ginger reduced platelet aggregation, which are responsible for blood coagulation. (12)

Lowers Blood Pressure

Ginger has been used traditionally in a wide variety of ailments including hypertension. The cardiovascular effects of ginger were reported under controlled experimental conditions to induce a dose-dependent fall in the arterial blood pressure. (13) 

Another study provides sound mechanistic basis for the use of ginger in hypertension and palpitations. (14)
 

You can see why I love this herb and include in so many of our Herbal Health Recipes

Ginger can be found in these Ultimate Herbal Health products:

 

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References:

(1) Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ginger

(2) Zingiber officinale (ginger). Monograph. Pubmed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=12946242

(3) Tyler VE. Some recent advances in herbal medicine. Pharm Int 1986;7:203-207.  http://www.altmedrev.com/publications/8/3/331.pdf

(4) Grontved A, Brask T, Kambskard J, Hentzer E. Ginger root against seasickness. A controlled trial on the open sea. Acta Otolaryngol 1988;105:45-49. http://www.altmedrev.com/publications/8/3/331.pdf

(5) Riebenfeld D, Borzone L. Randomized double-blind study comparing ginger (Zintona‚) and dimenhydrinate in motion sickness. Healthnotes Rev 1999;6:98-101. http://www.altmedrev.com/publications/8/3/331.pdf

(6) Careddu P. Motion sickness in children: results of a double-blind study with ginger (Zintona‚) and dimenhydrinate. Healthnotes Rev 1999;6:102-107. http://www.altmedrev.com/publications/8/3/331.pdf

(7) Mowrey DB, Clayson DE. Motion sickness, ginger, and psychophysics. Lancet 1982;1:655- 657. http://www.altmedrev.com/publications/8/3/331.pdf

(8) Schmid R, Schick T, Steffen R, et al. Comparison of seven commonly used agents for prophylaxis of seasickness. J Travel Med 1994;1:203-206. http://www.altmedrev.com/publications/8/3/331.pdf

(9) Protective effects of the standardized extract of Zingiber officinale on myocardium against isoproterenol-induced biochemical and histopathological alterations in rats. Pubmed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25868620

(10) Inhibition of human low-density lipoprotein oxidation in vitro by ginger extracts. PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24404979

(11) Ethanolic Zingiber officinale R. extract pretreatment alleviates isoproterenol-induced oxidative myocardial necrosis in rats. PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17205709

(12) The Effect of Ginger (Zingiber officinale) on Platelet Aggregation: A Systematic Literature Review. PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26488162

(13) Ginger lowers blood pressure through blockade of voltage-dependent calcium channels. PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15613983

(14) Cardiovascular effects of ginger aqueous extract and its phenolic constituents are mediated through multiple pathways. PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16157513

(15) A review of the gastroprotective effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23612703

 

 

 

 

 

 

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